City of Orange is located in Orange
County, California. It is approximately 3 miles (6 kilometers)
north of the county seat, Santa
Ana. Orange is unusual in that many of the homes in its Old
Town District were built prior to 1920; whereas many other cities
in the region demolished such houses in the 1960s, Orange decided
to preserve them. A small incorporated community of Villa
Park is surrounded by the city of Orange.
of the early rural farm community in the town of Orange. The
railroad used to transport citrus crops and livestock to Orange
can be seen on the left.
of the Tongva and Juaneño/Luiseño
nations long inhabited this area. After the 1769 expedition of Gaspar
de Portolà, an expedition out of San
Blas, Nayarit, Mexico, led by Father Junípero
Serra, named the area Vallejo de Santa Ana (Valley of Saint
Anne). On November 1, 1776, Mission
San Juan Capistrano became the area's first permanent European
settlement in Alta California, New
1801, the Spanish Empire granted
62,500 acres (253 km2) to Jose
Antonio Yorba, which he named Rancho San Antonio. Yorba's
great rancho included the lands where the cities of Olive,
Orange, Villa Park, Santa
Ana, Tustin, Costa
Mesa and Newport Beach
stand today. Smaller ranchos evolved from this large rancho, including
the Rancho Santiago de
Juan Pablo Grijalva, a retired Spanish soldier
and the area's first landowner, was granted permission in 1809 by
the Spanish colonial government to establish
a rancho in "the place of the Arroyo de
war, Alta California was ceded to the United States by México
with the signing of the Treaty
of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, and though many Californios
lost titles to their lands in the aftermath, Grijalva's descendants
retained ownership through marriages to Anglo-Americans.
at least 1864, Los Angeles attorneys Alfred
Chapman and Andrew Glassell
together and separately, held about 5,400 acres along both sides
of the Santiago Creek (Glassell also had a 4,000-acre parcel where
Costa Mesa is today). Water was the key factor for the location
of their townsite. Glassell needed a spot he could irrigate, bringing
water down from the Santa Ana Canyon and the quality of the soil
may have influenced his choice. Originally the community was named
Richland, but in 1873 Richland got a new name. In the book,
"Orange, The City 'Round The Plaza" by local historian Phil Brigandi,
it states, "In 1873 the town had grown large enough to require a
post office, so an application was sent to Washington. It was refused,
however, as there was (and is) already a Richland, California in
Sacramento County. Undaunted, the Richlanders proposed a new name
- Orange." Brigandi explains three options as to how the name Orange
was selected, "it was a good marketable name that suggested a prosperous,
semi-tropical agricultural area. Second, there was already talk
of creating an "Orange County" out of the southern end of Los Angeles
County. Finally, the Glassell family once lived in Orange County,
Virginia, so the name had a familiar ring. (In the same way, the
Glassell family's old plantation had been called Richland.)" The
city NEVER got its name based on a poker game, that is an old myth.
small town was incorporated on April 6, 1888 under the general laws
of the State of California. Orange was the only city in Orange County
to be planned and built around a Plaza, earned it the nickname Plaza
City. Orange was the first developed town site to be served
by the California Southern
Railroad when the nation's second transcontinental
rail line reached Orange County.
town experienced its first growth spurt during the last decade of
the 19th century (as did many of the surrounding communities), thanks
to ever-increasing demands for California-grown citrus fruits, a
period some refer to as the "Orange Era." Southern California's
real estate "boom" of 1886-1888, fueled by railroad rate wars, also
contributed to a marked increase in population. Like most cities
in Orange County, agriculture formed the backbone of the local economy,
and growth thereafter was slow and steady until the 1950s, when
a second real estate boom spurred development. Inspired by the development
of a region-wide freeway system which connected
Los Angeles' urban center with outlying areas like Orange, large
tracts of housing were developed from the 1950s to the early 1970s,
and this continues today, albeit at a much slower pace, at the eastern
edge of the City.
City has a total area of 27.0 mi² (69.9 km²), 23.1 mi²
(59.9 km²) of which is land and 0.5 mi² (1.3 km²)
of which is water. The total area is 1.9% water.
California is well-known for year-round pleasant weather:
- On average, the warmest month is August.
- The highest recorded temperature was 110°F in 1985.
- On average, the coolest month is December.
- The lowest recorded temperature was 22°F in 1950.
- The maximum average precipitation occurs in January.
period of April through November is warm to hot and dry with average
high temperatures of 74 - 84°F and lows of 52 - 64°F. Due to the
moderating effect of the ocean, temperatures are cooler than more
inland areas of Orange County, where temperatures frequently exceed
90°F (32°C) and occasionally reach 100°F (38°C). The period of November
through March is somewhat rainy, as shown in the table to right.
Orange County area is also subject to the phenomena typical of a
microclimate. As such, the temperatures
can vary as much as 18°F (10°C) between inland areas and the coast,
with a temperature gradient of over one degree per mile (1.6 km)
from the coast inland. California has also a weather phenomenon
called "June Gloom or May Gray", which
sometimes brings overcast or foggy skies in the morning on the coast,
but usually gives way to sunny skies by noon, during late spring
and early summer.
Orange County area averages 15 inches (385 mm) of precipitation
annually, which mainly occurs during the winter and spring (November
thru April) with generally light rain showers, but sometimes as
heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. Coastal Torrance receives slightly
less rainfall, while the mountains receive slightly more. Snowfall
is extremely rare in the city basin, but the mountains within city
limits typically receive snowfall every winter.
City Hall, circa 1921. This building was razed in 1964
and is the site of the current Orange City Hall.
Towne, Orange Historic District, a one square-mile around the
original plaza, contains many of the original structures built in
the period after the City's incorporation. It is a vibrant commercial
district, containing Orange County's oldest operating bank and the
oldest operating soda fountain. The Historic District was listed
on the National
Register of Historic Places in 1997, and is the largest National
Register District in California. The Old
Towne Preservation Association is a non-profit organization
dedicated to maintaining the district.
is unique among the region and the state in that it has the second
largest concentration of historic buildings. A list of all of the
buildings and sites in Orange appear in the National
Register of Historic Places.
styles in Old Towne Orange
Canyon Park in east Orange.
of the census of 2000, there were 128,821
people, 40,930 households, and 30,165 families residing in the City.
The population density is 2,126.5/km²
(5,506.4/mi²). There were 41,904 housing units at an average density
of 691.7/km² (1,791.2/mi²).
racial makeup of the City is 70.50% White,
American, 0.78% Native
American, 9.32% Asian,
Islander, 13.82% from other
races, and 3.75% from two or more races. 32.16% of the population
of any race.
has a few predominantly Hispanic/Latino neighborhoods, such as the
Glassell-Katella, El Modena
(Chapman Ave.-Hewes St.) and Olive (Lincoln Ave.-Batavia St.) sections,
but also Central
American and South
American nationalities. [citation
has a large Middle-Eastern
community in proportion to its population, notably Armenians,
Arab peoples including Arab-Americans,
who have bought homes and own some businesses in the city. [citation
are 40,930 households, out of which 37.1% have children under the
age of 18 living with them, 57.1% are married couples living together,
11.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 26.3%
are non-families. 19.5% of all households are made up of individuals,
and 6.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older.
The average household size is 3.02 and the average family size is
population is spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 9.9% from
18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who
are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every
100 females, there are 100.8 males. For every 100 females age 18
and over, there are 98.7 males.
median income for a household in the City is $58,994, and the median
income for a family is $64,573 (these figures had risen to $75,024
and $85,730 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males have a median
income of $42,144 versus $34,159 for females. The per
capita income for the City is $24,294. 10.0% of the population
and 6.8% of families are below the poverty
line. Out of the total population, 12.5% of those under the
age of 18 and 7.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty
the state legislature
Orange is located in the 33rd Senate
District, represented by Republican
Mimi Walters, and in the 60th, 71st,
and 72nd Assembly District,
represented by Republicans Curt Hagman,
Jeff Miller, and Chris
Norby, respectively. Federally, Orange is located in California's
40th congressional district, which has a Cook
PVI of R +8 and is represented by Republican Ed
Points of interest
view of the fountain currently located at the center of the
Orange Plaza, dedicated on December 1, 1937. The original
fountain had been erected on this spot in 1886. A plaque at
the fountain's base proclaims "Whoever passes here, let
him remember the brave men of the Orange community who have
in all times gone to the defense of their country."
is home to parks, lakes, a small zoo,
and a wildlife sanctuary.
Block at Orange, a large, outdoor shopping and entertainment
center, is located on the western edge of the City. It features
Old Navy, Hollister,
Factory Store, and Saks Fifth Avenue
OFF 5th as well as high quality entertainment venues including AMC
Theaters, Dave & Buster's,
Vans Skatepark and Lucky Strike Bowling Center.
The Plaza has been primarily home to a wide variety of antique shops—and
has become a well known destination amongst antique collectors.
A more recent trend has brought clothing boutiques, and several
casual and upscale restaurants. It also features two Starbucks
Coffee locations (mirroring each other on opposite ends of The
Plaza, flaunting the evidence of their globalization and eviction
of Diedrich Coffee), Radio
Shack, Wells Fargo bank, a Masonic
Lodge, and is within walking distance of Chapman
University and the newly reconstructed public library.
Woman’s Club of Orange Organized February 1915, is located near
the Plaza in the Old Towne District. Their clubhouse, built in 1923-1924,
is entered in the National Register of Historic Places. In 2009
Woman's Club of Orange, a member of the General Federation of Women's
clubs, is still a very active and vibrant club of 180 members. Their
annual Flower Show, celebrating its 72nd year in April is a major
over 100 years, during Labor Day Weekend,
the Plaza plays host to the Orange International Street Fair. Friends,
families and neighbors get together to experience a variety of food,
music and dance from cultures around the world. The profits from
the event go to non-profit charities that help people in the community.
"Villa Park Orchards Association" packing
house, located along the former Atchison,
Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (now BNSF
Railway) mainline, is the sole remaining fruit packing operation
in Orange County.
Lewis Ainsworth House is the
city's only restored house museum.
most cities in Southern California,
the primary means of transportation is the automobile.
Orange is situated near many state freeways, as well as Interstate
5, also known as the Santa Ana
Freeway. The junction of "the 5" with two state highways (SR
57 "Orange Freeway" and SR
22 "Garden Grove Freeway"), commonly called the "Orange Crush",
is one of the busiest interchanges in Orange County, and is located
on the southwestern edge of the City. The eastern areas of Orange
are served by the Eastern and Foothill Toll
Roads, two of California's first toll highways, which connect
the city with the cities of Irvine
and Rancho Santa
Margarita. Most highways don't go through Orange but rather
begin or end there. The 55 is born of the 91 in the northeast of
the city, while the 22 and the 57 both spring from the southwest.
town's first rail service, the Santa Ana, Orange & Tustin Street
Railway, was a 4.04 mile (6.5 km) long horsecar
line that ran between Santa Ana and Orange, beginning in 1886. One
year later, the Santa Ana & Orange Motor Road Company purchased
the line, using a steam "dummy" car and a single gasoline motorcar
as its means of conveyance. In 1906, Henry
E. Huntington acquired the company under the auspices of the
Los Angeles Inter-Urban Railway and electrified the line.
Revival Style combination depôt of the Atchison,
Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in Orange, California.
The structure was dedicated on May 1, 1938, and was closed
with the discontinuation of passenger service in 1971. The
building was granted historic landmark status by the City
on November 15, 1990. In July 2004, the facility was home
to a Cask 'n Cleaver restaurant.
service over the new line operated by Huntington's Pacific
Electric Railway began on June 8, 1914, originating at the PE's
depot on Lemon Street. The route provided freight service to the
local citrus growers, in direct competition with the Atchison,
Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. Pacific Electric sold out in 1961
to the Southern
Pacific Railroad, who ultimately abandoned the line in 1964.
Santa Fe, under its affiliate the Southern California Railway, laid
its first tracks through Orange in 1886, and established its first
depot the following year. The route would become part of the railroad's
famous "Surf Line", and by 1925, sixteen
daily passenger trains (the Santa Fe's San
Diegan) made stops in Orange. During peak growing seasons,
as many as 48 carloads of citrus fruits,
olives, and walnuts
were shipped daily from the Orange depot as well.
connections to Los Angeles, the Inland
Empire, and Northern
San Diego County by the Metrolink
regional commuter rail network. The Orange
Metrolink station's platform is situated adjacent to the former
Santa Fe depot in the downtown Historic District, which is also
home to an Orange
County Transportation Authority (OCTA) bus
station, is the second busiest station of the entire Metrolink train
system due to its position serving as a transfer station for the
Orange County and the IEOC Metrolink lines. The former Santa Fe
mainline links the cities of Los Angeles, Riverside,
and San Diego via a junction north of
Wayne Airport (SNA) in nearby Santa
Ana, California provides daily scheduled airline service for
colleges and universities
of its classic "small town" look, many television shows and motion
pictures have selected the Historic District (and other parts of
Orange) as a backdrop.
1978 and 1979, the California
Sunshine was a professional soccer
team that played regular season games in Orange. The city roots
for major league teams: the Los
Angeles Angels of Anaheim of baseball and the Anaheim
Ducks of ice hockey, across the Santa Ana River in Anaheim.
has five sister cities,
as designated by Sister
has two community partnerships with Utrecht,
the Netherlands and Santiago
de Chile, Chile.