of Huntington Beach
|— City —
Photo of Huntington Beach, Brookhurst & Pacific Coast Hwy
of Huntington Beach within Orange
| - Type
| - City
| - City
L. Freidenrich, CCMT,
| - City
| - Total
||31.6 sq mi (81.7 km2)
| - Land
||26.4 sq mi (68.3 km2)
| - Water
||5.2 sq mi (13.4 km2)
| - Total
| - Density
||7,296.2/sq mi (2,817.1/km2)
| - Summer (DST)
is a seaside city in Orange
County in Southern California.
According to the 2008 census estimate, the city population was 192,620;
making it the largest beach city in Orange County in terms of population.
It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean
on the southwest, by Seal Beach
on the northwest, by Costa Mesa
on the east, by Newport Beach
on the southeast, by Westminster
on the north, and by Fountain
Valley on the northeast.
is known for its long 8.5-mile (13.7 km) beach, mild climate,
and excellent surfing. The waves are a unique
natural effect caused by edge-diffraction of ocean swells by the
island of Catalina,
and waves from distant hurricanes.
Beach, pre-incorporation, 1904.
area was originally occupied by the Tongva
people. European settlement can be traced
to a Spanish soldier, Manuel
Nieto, who in 1784 received a Spanish land grant of 300,000 acres
(1,200 km2), Rancho
Los Nietos, as a reward for his military service and to encourage
settlement in Alta California. Nieto's
western area was reduced in 1790 because of a dispute with the Mission
San Gabriel, but he retained thousands of acres stretching from
the hills north of Whittier,
Fullerton and Brea,
south to the Pacific Ocean, and from today's Los
Angeles River on the west, to the Santa
Ana River on the east.
main thoroughfare of Huntington Beach, Beach Boulevard, was originally
a cattle route for the main industry of the Rancho. Since its time
as a parcel of the enormous Spanish land grant, Huntington Beach
has undergone many incarnations. One time it was known Shell Beach,
the town of Smeltzer, and then Gospel Swamp for the revival meetings
that were held in the marshland where the community college Golden
West College can currently be found. Later it became known as
Fairview and then Pacific City as it developed into a tourist destination.
In order to secure access to the Red Car lines that used to criss-cross
Los Angeles and ended in Long Beach, Pacific City ceded enormous
power to railroad magnate Henry
Huntington, and thus became a city whose name has been written
into corporate sponsorship, and like much of the history of Southern
Beach incorporated on February 17, 1909 under its first mayor, Ed
Manning. Its original developer was the Huntington Beach Company
(formerly the West Coast Land and Water Company), a real-estate
development firm owned by Henry Huntington. The Huntington Beach
Company is still a major land-owner in the city, and still owns
most of the local mineral rights.
interesting hiccup in the settlement of the district occurred when
an encyclopedia company gave away free parcels of land, with the
purchase of a whole set for $126, in the Huntington Beach area that
it had acquired cheaply. The lucky buyers got more than they had
bargained for when oil was discovered in the area, and enormous
development of the oil reserves followed. Though many of the old
wells are empty, and the price of land for housing has pushed many
of the rigs off the landscape, oil pumps can still be found to dot
Beach was primarily agricultural in its early years with crops such
as celery and sugar beets. Holly Sugar
was a major employer with a large processing plant in the city that
was later converted to an oil refinery.
city's first high school, Huntington
Beach High School was built in 1906. The school's team, the
Oilers, is named after the city's original natural resource.
Airport, a small general aviation airport, existed in Huntington
Beach from the 1950s until 1989.
Beach at Sunset
to the United States Census
Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.5 square miles
(81.6 km2). 26.4 sq mi (68 km2)
of it is land and 5.2 sq mi (13 km2) of
it (16.38%) is water.
entire city of Huntington Beach lies in area
codes 657 and 714, except for small parts of Huntington
Harbour (along with Sunset Beach, the unincorporated community
adjacent to Huntington Harbour), which is in the 562
Beach has a Mediterranean climate
(Köppen climate classification
Csb). The climate is generally sunny, dry and cool, although
evenings can be excessively damp. In the morning and evening, there
are often strong breezes, 15 mph (24 km/h). Ocean water
temperatures average 55 °F (13 °C) to 65 °F (18 °C).
In the summer, temperatures rarely exceed 85 °F (29 °C).
In the winter, temperatures rarely fall below 40 °F (4 °C),
even on clear nights. There are about 14 inches (360 mm)
of rain, almost all in mid-winter. Frost occurs only rarely on the
coldest winter nights. The area is annually affected by a marine
layer caused by the cool air of the Pacific Ocean meeting the
warm air over the land. This results in overcast and foggy conditions
in May and June.
|Climate data for Huntington Beach
|Record high °F (°C)
|Average high °F (°C)
|Average low °F (°C)
|Record low °F (°C)
Weather Channel 2009-03-29
Chica Wildlife Refuge
of any kind on the beach is prohibited without a vote of the people,
allowing Huntington Beach to retain its natural tie to the ocean
rather than having the view obscured by residential and commercial
Downtown Huntington Beach and Huntington
Harbour lies a large marshy wetland, much of which is protected
within the Bolsa Chica
Ecological Reserve. A $110 million restoration of the wetlands
was completed in 2006. The Reserve is popular with bird watchers
of Downtown, the Talbert, Brookhurst and Magnolia Marshes, which
lie across the street from Huntington State Beach, had restoration
completed in 2010.
northern and southern beaches (Bolsa
Chica State Beach and Huntington
State Beach, respectively) are state parks. Only the central
beach (Huntington City Beach) is maintained by the city. Camping
and RVs are permitted here, and popular campsites for the Fourth
of July and the Surfing Championships must be reserved many
months in advance. Bolsa Chica State Beach is actually a sand bar
fronting the Bolsa Bay and Bolsa Chica State Ecological Reserve.
Harbour from the air
Orange County run Sunset Marina Park next to Huntington Harbour
is part of Anaheim Bay. It is suitable for light craft, and includes
a marina, launching ramp, basic services, a picnic area and a few
restaurants. The park is in Seal
Beach, but is only reachable from Huntington Harbour. The Sunset/Huntington
Harbour area is patrolled by the Orange
County Sheriff's Harbor Patrol.
harbor entrance for Anaheim Bay is sometimes restricted by the United
States Navy, which loads ships with munitions at the Seal
Beach Naval Weapons Station to the north of the main channel.
of the census of 2000, there were 189,594
people, 73,657 households, and 47,729 families residing in the city.
The population density was 2,773.9/km²
(7,183.6/mi²). There were 75,662 housing units at an average density
of 1,107.0/km² (2,866.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was
American, 0.65% Native
American, 9.34% Asian,
Islander, 5.81% from other
races, and 3.94% from two or more races. 14.66% of the population
of any race.
were 73,657 households out of which 29.0% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married
couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with
no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 24.3% of all households
were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who
was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56
and the average family size was 3.08.
the city the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age
of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to
64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age
was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.4 males. For
every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.
to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city
was $81,112, and the median income for a family was $101,023. Adult
males had a median income of $52,018 versus $38,046 for adult females.
The per capita income for the
city was $36,964. About 4.3% of families and 6.6% of the population
were below the poverty
line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those
age 65 or over.
2009 population estimated by the California
Department of Finance was 202,480.
unemployment rate in Huntington Beach is one of the lowest among
large (over 100,000) cities in the United States at 1.9%.
to Huntington Beach's 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,
the top employers in the city are:
||# of Employees
Beach sits above a large natural fault structure containing oil.
Although the oil is mostly depleted, extraction continues at a slow
rate, and still provides significant local income. There are only
two off-shore extraction facilities left, however, and the day is
not far off when oil production
in the city will cease and tourism will replace it as the primary
revenue source for resident industry.
city is discussing closing off Main Street to cars from PCH through
the retail shopping and restaurant areas, making it a pedestrian
zone only. Other shopping centers include Bella
Terra, built on the former Huntington Center site, and Old World
Village, a German-themed center.
Beach has an off-shore oil terminus for the tankers that support
the Alaska Pipeline.
The terminus pipes run inland to a refinery in Santa Fe Springs.
Huntington Beach also has the Gothard-Talbert terminus for the Orange
County portion of the pipeline running from the Chevron El Segundo
hotels have been constructed on the inland side of Pacific
Coast Highway (State Route 1) within view of the beach, just
southeast of the pier.
Beach contains a major installation of Boeing,
A number of installations on the Boeing campus were originally constructed
to service the Apollo
Program, most notably the production of the S-IVB
upper stage for the Saturn IB and Saturn
V rockets, and some nearby telephone poles are still marked
"Apollo Dedicated Mission Control Line."
Beach contains the administrative headquarters of Sea
Launch, a commercial space vehicle launch enterprise whose largest
stockholder is Boeing.
Beach contains a small industrial district in its northwest corner,
near the borders with Westminster and Seal Beach.
City USA trademarks
Huntington Beach retains its 15-year trademark of Surf City Huntington
Beach, the Huntington Beach Conference and Visitors Bureau filed
four applications to register the "Surf
City USA" trademark in November 2004.
The idea was to market the city by creating an authentic brand based
on Southern California's beach culture and active outdoor lifestyle
while at the same time creating a family of product licensees who
operate like a franchise family producing a revenue stream that
could also be dedicated to promoting the brand and city. A ruling
by the U.S.
Patent and Trademark Office released on May 12, 2006 awarded
three trademark registrations to the Bureau; nine additional trademark
registrations have been granted since this time and ten other Surf
City USA trademarks are now under consideration. One of the first
products the Bureau developed to promote its brand was the Surf
City USA Beach Cruiser by Felt Bicycles in 2006. The product has
sold out every year in markets worldwide and created demand for
a second rental bicycle model that will be marketed to resort locations
across the globe starting in 2009. The Bureau now has dozens of
other licensed products on the market from Surf City USA soft drinks
to clothing to glassware. As of April 2008, the Bureau had more
than 20 licensing partners with over 50 different products being
prepared to enter the market over the next 18 months. Four of the
Bureau's registrations of the trademark are now on the principal
register and the remaining ten trademark applications are expected
to follow. The Bureau is actively considering registration of the
Surf City USA trademark in several different countries and anticipates
a growing market for its branded products overseas in coming years.
ongoing dispute between Huntington Beach and Santa
Cruz, California over the trademark garnered positive national
publicity in 2007 when a law firm representing Huntington Beach
sent a cease-and-desist letter to a Santa Cruz t-shirt vendor. A
settlement was reached in January, 2008, which allows the Huntington
Beach Conference and Visitors Bureau to retain the trademark.
downtown district includes an active art center, a colorful shopping
district, and the International Surfing Museum. This district was
also once the home of the famous restaurant and music club "The
Golden Bear." In the late 1960s and 1970s it hosted many famous
bands and acts. The Huntington
Beach Pier stretches from Main Street into the Pacific Ocean.
At the end of the pier is
a Ruby's Diner. The Surf Theatre, which was located one block north
of the pier, gained fame in the 1960s and 1970s for showing independent
surf films such as The Endless
Summer and Five Summer
Stories. The Surf Theatre was owned and operated by Hugh
Larry Thomas from 1961 until it was demolished in 1989. A newer
version of The Surf Theatre is now closed, but the International
Surf Museum has preserved its memory with a permanent exhibit featuring
vintage seats and screening of surfing movies once shown at a Huntington
Arts and culture
of the events at Huntington Beach are focused around the beach during
the summer. The U.S. Open of Surfing
and Beach Games are featured on the south side of the pier. Huntington
Beach is a stop on the AVP
beach volleyball tour. A biathlon (swim/run) hosted by the Bolsa
Chica & Huntington State Beach Lifeguards takes place in July,
early at dawn. The race begins at the Santa
Ana River Jetties and ends at Warner Avenue, Bolsa
Chica State Beach. Huntington Beach Junior Lifeguard day
camps are held which teaches preadolescents and adolescents
ocean swimming, running, and first-aid medical knowledge.
addition to the beach-focused events, the Fourth
of July parade has been held since 1904. The SoCal Independent
Film Festival takes place every September.
the winter the annual Cruise of Lights Boat Tour is held in the
Huntington Harbour neighborhood. This is a parade of colorful lighted
boats as well as boat tours to view the decorated homes. The annual
Kite Festival is held just north of the pier in late February.
Beach hosts car shows such as the Beachcruiser Meet and a Concours
d'Elegance. The Beachcruiser Meet is held in March, attracting
over 250 classic cars displayed along Main Street and the Pier parking
lot. A Concours d'Elegance is held at Central Park in June and benefits
the public library.
City Nights is held during the entire year. The community-spirited
event features a farmer's market, unique entertainment, food, kiddie
rides and a carnival atmosphere, each Tuesday evening. Surf City
Nights is presented by the Huntington Beach Downtown Business Improvement
District (HBDBID) and the City of Huntington Beach. The event takes
place in the first three blocks of Main Street from Pacific Coast
Highway to Orange Avenue.
abound near Huntington City Pier
Beach during the day.
Beach is the site of the world surfing championships,
held in the summer every year. The city is often referred to as
"Surf City" because of this high profile event, its history and
culture of surfing. It is often called the "Surfing Capital of the
World", not for the height of the waves, but rather for the consistent
quality of surf. Gordon Duane established the city's first surf
shop, Gordie's Surfboards, in 1955.
Surf and beaches
from sponsored surf events, Huntington Beach has some of the best
surf breaks in the State of California
and that of the United States. Huntington
Beach has four different facing beaches: Northwest, West, Southwest,
and South. Northwest consists of Bolsa
Chica State Beach with a length of 3.3 miles (5.3 km),
the West consist of "The Cliffs" or "Dog Beach", Southwest is considered
everything north of the pier which is operated by the City of Huntington
Beach. South consists in everything south of the pier which primarily
focuses on Huntington State Beach
(2.2 Miles), which almost faces true South.
Chica State Beach is operated by the State of California,
Dept. Parks & Recreation, and the Bolsa Chica State Beach Lifeguards.
The beach is very narrow and the sand is very coarse. Bolsa Chica
tends to have better surf with NW/W swells during the winter season.
During the summer months the beach picks up south/southwest swells
at a very steep angle. Due to the bottom of the beach, surf
at Bolsa Chica tends to be slowed down and refined to soft shoulders.
Longboards are the best option for surfing in the Bolsa Chica area.
Cliffs" or "Dog Beach" is also another popular surf spot. This segment
of Huntington Beach obtains these names because dogs are allowed
around the cliff area. Beach is very restricted and often is submerged
with high tides. Surf at this location tends to be even bigger than
Bolsa Chica during the winter and often better. During the summer
most of the South/Southwest swells slide right by and often break
poorly. The best option is to take out a longboard, but shortboards
will do at times. Dolphins have also been sighted in this area.
north and south of the Huntington Beach Pier are some well defined
sandbars that shift throughout the year with the different swells.
Southside of the Pier is often a popular destination during the
summer for good surf, but the Northside can be just as well during
the winter. Around the Pier it all depends on the swell and the
sandbars. Shortboard is your best option for surfing around the
Huntington Beach, also known as Huntington
State Beach, is where all the south swells impact the coastline.
Huntington State Beach is operated by the State of California, Department
of Parks & Recreation, and Huntington State Beach Lifeguards.
This beach is very wide with plenty of sand.
shift during the spring, summer and fall seasons, thus creating
excellent surf conditions with a combination South/West/Northwest
swell. Due to the Santa Ana River
jetties located at the southern most end of the beach, large sandbars
extend across and upcoast, forcing swells to break extremely fast
and hollow. Best seasons for surfing at this beach is the summer
and fall. The best option for surfing in this area is a shortboard.
Beach is also a popular destination for kite
surfing, and this sport can be viewed on the beach northwest
of the pier.
Beach is the host city of the National
Professional Paintball League Super 7 Paintball Championships.
The NPPL holds its first event of the year traditionally between
the dates of March 23 through March 26.
Beach also hosts the annual Surf City USA Marathon and Half-Marathon,
which is usually held on the first Sunday of February.
Beach has a very large Central Park, located between Gothard and
Edwards Streets to the east and west, and Slater and Ellis Avenues
to the north and south. The park is vegetated with xeric
(low water use) plants, and inhabited by native wildlife. Thick
forests encircling the park are supplemented with Australian
trees, particularly eucalyptus, a high
water use plant.
Huntington Beach Public
Library is located in Central Park in a notable building designed
by Richard Neutra and Dion
Neutra. It houses almost a half-million volumes, as well as
a theater, gift shop and fountains. The library was founded as a
Carnegie library in 1914, and has
been continuously supported by the city and local activists, with
new buildings and active branches at Banning, Oak View, Main Street,
and Graham. The library has significant local historical materials
and has a special genealogical reference
collection. It is independent of the state and county library systems.
park is also home of Huntington Central Park Equestrian Center,
a top class boarding facility that also offers horse rentals to
the public, with guided trail rides through the park. There is also
a "mud park" available for kids. The world's second oldest disc
golf course is available in the park, as are two small dining areas,
a sports complex for adult use, and the Shipley Nature Center.
Chica Wetlands, which are diminishing rapidly due to development,
contains numerous trails and scenic routes. The wetlands themselves
have recently been connected with the ocean again, in effort to
maintain its previous, unaltered conditions.
to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,
the city’s various funds had $295.6 million in revenues, $287.7
million in expenditures, $1,046.6 million in total assets, $202.8
million in total liabilities, and $87.1 million in cash and investments.
structure of the management and coordination of city services is:
of Library Services
of Human Resources
of Building and Safety
of Community Services
of Public Works
of Information Services
of Economic Development
the state legislature
Huntington Beach is located in the 35th Senate
District, represented by Republican
Tom Harman, and in the 67th Assembly
District, represented by Republican Jim Silva.
Federally, Huntington Beach is located in California's
46th congressional district, which has a Cook
PVI of R +6 and is represented by Republican Dana
of June 1, 2010, the city has 127,660 registered voters. 45.8% are
28.5% are registered Democrats,
20.7% are decline to state, and the balance are registered with
third parties. Like much of Orange
County, Huntington Beach politics are dominated by Republicans.
Beach is the home of Golden West
College, which offers two-year associates of arts degrees and
transfer programs to four year universities.
Beach is in the Huntington
Beach Union High School District, which includes Edison
High School, Huntington
Beach High School, Marina High
School, and Ocean View High
School in the city of Huntington Beach, Fountain
Valley High School in the city of Fountain
Valley, and Westminster
High School in the city of Westminster.
district also has an alternative school, Valley Vista High School,
and an independent study school, Coast High School.
Beach High School, which is the district's flagship school,
celebrated its 100 year anniversary in 2006.
city has two elementary school districts: Huntington Beach City
with 9 schools and Ocean View with 15. A small part of the city
is served by the Fountain Valley School District.
Beach is also home to The Pegasus
School, a nationally recognized blue
Beach was selected for the 24th season of MTV's The
Real World series.
city was featured in the TruTV series Ocean
Force: Huntington Beach. Also, the city is mentioned in the
Beach Boys song Surfin'
Safari and in Surfer Joe by The Surfaris.
live camera is set up at the Huntington
Beach Pier and shown on screens at the California-themed Hollister
public television station KOCE-TV operates
from the Golden West College campus, in conjunction with the Golden
West College Media Arts program.
weekly newspapers cover Huntington Beach: The Huntington Beach Independent
and The Wave Section of The
Orange County Register.
Simpson's music video for La La
was filmed in Huntington Beach.
natives and residents
rock band Avenged Sevenfold
grew up and currently reside here. Lead guitarist Synyster
Gates has said he enjoys nothing more than cruising Huntington
Beach on his chopper..
punk rock band The Offspring was
formed here in 1984.
Torrence, from the 1960s Pop group Jan
and Dean, who co-authored the famous song "Surf
City" (#1 in 1963), said that Huntington Beach embodies
the song's spirit of freedom and California fun.
Jacobs, The MC Bat Commander of The
Aquabats, resides in Huntington Beach.
Costa, the folk pop singer, was born in Huntington Beach.
Vandals, a punk rock band formed in Huntington Beach
Silveria formerly from the rock band Korn
resides in Huntington Beach
Weiland, of the Stone Temple
Pilots and formerly of Velvet
Revolver, attended Edison
pe come from huntington beach too.
Coyle Girls Aloud Singer
Beach is the home to pro skateboarders like: Geoff
Rowley, Arto Saari, Tosh
Townend, Mark Appleyard,
Brian Sumner, Greg
Lutzka and Ed Templeton.
player John Blue is from
Huntington Beach, as is professional soccer player Sasha
is also home of MMA fighters
Tito "The Huntington Beach Bad Boy" Ortiz,
Kimo Leopoldo, and David
Diamondbacks pitcher Ian Kennedy
was born in Huntington Beach.
Seattle Mariners pitcher Bob
Wolcott was born in Huntington Beach.
Derby Blonde Amazon Joan Weston.
Gonzalez of the Atlanta Falcons
grew up in Huntington Beach and attended Huntington Beach High
Kent, retired baseball player and recipient of the 2000
MVP Baseball award was raised in Huntington Beach and attended
Godderz - A professional bodybuilder with the World Natural
Body Building Federation that was also a contestant on Big
Brother 10 and Big Brother 11
Balester - a professional baseball player for the Washington
Nationals, attended Huntington
Beach High School
Klinsmann - a former international professional soccer player,
former soccer team coach and a former coach of the German
national soccer team. He moved with his family in 2008 to
to become the coach of FC Bayern
Munich and has since returned.
Rogers - a footballer who plays for the United
States national football team and Columbus
McMahon TNA Superstar
Beach Police Department MD520N
protection in Huntington Beach is provided by the Huntington
Beach Fire Department. Law enforcement is provided by the Huntington
Beach Police Department. Huntington Beach Marine Safety Officers
and its seasonal lifeguards are recognized as some of the best in
the world with a top notch safety record. It has an active Community
Emergency Response Team training program, that trains citizens
as Disaster Service Workers certified by Federal
Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as a part of a free program
run by the fire department's Office of Emergency Services.
services are also provided at State Beach locations. Peace Officers
and lifeguards can be found at Bolsa Chica and Huntington State
Beach. Such services consist of: aquatic rescues, boat rescues,
first aid and law enforcement. All services are provided by the
State of California, Dept. Parks & Recreation.
1926, the Santa Ana River dam failed,
and flash-flooded its entire delta.
The southern oceanic terminus of this delta is now a settled area
of Huntington Beach. The distant dam is still functional, but silting
up, which is expected to reduce its storage volume, and therefore
its effectiveness at flood-prevention. The flood and dam-endangered
areas are protected by a levee, but lenders require expensive flood
insurance in the delta. There have been serious discussions to eliminate
the need for flood insurance and this requirement has already been
waived in some areas and may one day no longer be considered a credible
it is a seaside city, Huntington Beach has had tsunami
warnings, storm surge (its pier
has been rebuilt three times), sewage spills, tornadoes and waterspouts.
The cold offshore current prevents hurricanes. The Pier that was
rebuilt in the 1990s was engineered to withstand severe storms or
fractions of the settled delta are in earthquake
liquefaction zones above known active faults. Most of the local
faults are named after city streets.
residents (and even city hall) live within sight and sound of active
oil extraction and drilling operations. These occasionally spew
oil, causing expensive clean-ups. Large parts of the developed land
have been contaminated by heavy metals from the water separated
local oil has such extreme mercury contamination that metallic mercury
is regularly drained from oil pipelines and equipment. Oil operations
increase when the price of oil rises. Some oil fields have been
approved for development. The worst-polluted
areas have been reclaimed as parks. At least one Superfund
site, too contaminated to be a park, is at the junction of Magnolia
and Hamilton streets, near Edison High School.
Beach has the following sister
city relationships, according to the Huntington Beach Sister
Beach also has youth exchange programs with both cities, sending
four teenagers on an exchange student basis for two weeks in order
to gather different cultural experiences.
Beach, CA, 92605, 92615, 92646, 92647, 92648,